Democratization of Public Services
Public services such as water supply, electricity and transport are key to environmental sustainability, as well as the social inclusion of citizens. These services are often provided by inefficient and corrupt public companies and institutions that are fully under the control of political parties and mainly serve private interests rather than the public one. As an alternative, numerous agents advocate privatization, realized through direct sale of public companies, concessions or public-private partnerships, but this gives the private businesses a monopoly that allows them to maximize profits at the expense of public interest. IPE explores models of democratization of public services in order to correct the shortcomings of public management and prevent the privatization of public services. Such models include different forms of transparency and participatory democracy, so that various social actors, such as users and workers, and not just representatives of political parties, oversee public companies and institutions in serving the public interest.